ERASMUS+ CLIAVE PROJECT HAS STARTED – AGRICULTURAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION FOCUSED ON THE CLIMATE
The Institute for Animal Husbandry is one of the partners in the Erasmus+ project CLIAVE – Climate-focused Agricultural Vocational Education, which is dedicated to the impact of climate change in the field of agriculture.
The project started on February 28, 2022. and, will last until August 27, 2024. The coordinator of the project is the Atatürk Horticultural Central Research Institute from Turkey, and the partners are the Institute for Animal Husbandry and other relevant scientific institutions from the Czech Republic, Romania, Slovenia and Turkey. The most important result of the project will be the creation of the CLIAVE Learning Management System C-LMS, the use of which should lead to rapid acquisition of knowledge among agricultural experts and students.
On climate change and agriculture:
Climate change is one of the most important issues facing the world today, and agriculture is considered one of the sectors that can be significantly affected by it. The impact of climate change on agriculture takes place through the atmospheric effect of elevated CO2, temperature rise, changes in precipitation and transpiration regimes, frequent occurrence of pests and various diseases. The consequences for agriculture are already severe, but these impacts are predicted to grow over time, with potentially devastating effects. Along with the trend of global population growth and thus increased food requirements of about 70%, it is possible that the world will face a complete food crisis. The relationship between agriculture and climate change is actually two-way, and agricultural production itself significantly affects climate change. For example, animal husbandry is a direct source of methane and nitrogen oxides, but also an indirect source of these gases and CO2 through farming and food production. It is estimated that the share of animal husbandry in the total emission of harmful gases (GHG) is about 14.5%, with participation of 37% and 65% respectively in the global emission of methane and nitrogen oxide. That is why timely and strong action in the implementation of measures that will enable adaptation and mitigation of the effects of climate change is important. Education of agricultural experts and students on the application of “smart” climate practices in agriculture is therefore a necessary prerequisite in order to strengthen the competences, knowledge and awareness of professional staff and promote the use of these practices.